COMERSE EL MUNDO

“Consecuencias”. Vídeo homenaje a la promoción de 2º Bachillerato. Curso 2018-2019.

 

 

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Genetic engineering and the selection and editing of human embryos

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Human embryo. Source: nature.com

In the last century, genetic engineering has evolved so fast that now it is even possible to clone, as in a science fiction movie. Eventually, modifying genes will be just another result of science in our daily life. But, is it ethical to change what nature produces?

A few years ago, what we know as making a ‘perfect’ baby was created in the USA by selecting abilities like strength or intelligence, or physical aspects like being tall or blond. From my point of view, it isn’t ethical to modify embryos to create a better human. If we begin creating these types of humans, in the future we will be all like robots and everyone will be equal.

                On the other hand, I understand that if we know that the embryo has a malformation in its genes that will harm its life or even die, then I think this is what genetic engineering is made for, to help or cure those who need it, not to create “robots”.

                To sum up, genetic engineering is one of the greatest advances of science, and it could help cure lots of diseases, which wasn’t possible so far. But it has to be used to help, not to our own benefit.

Silvia S.

Pros and cons of living on your own

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Sources: Eurostat. UK ONS, US Census Bureau

Going grocery shopping, washing the dishes and your clothes, cleaning up, paying the bills, etc… These are the main chores one has to do if they decide to become independent. Do you think you’re ready? The age for emancipating has increased over the last few years, mainly because of how luxurious it’s living with your parents or because of the inability to sustain yourself economically-wise. And of course there are a lot of pros and cons when it comes to living on your own.

First of all, the pros of emancipating are that you learn the basics of the household, such as cleaning, cooking, and paying bills. Besides, you also learn to be responsible, like for example in locking your house, not spending all your money at once, etc… On the other hand, no one will tell you what to do, but this can also be negative, because no one will give you a little reminder to clean the kitchen or turn on the dishwasher.

Finally, moving out also has some negative aspects, such as having to do everything by yourself. For example, dinner will not be ready when you come home or your clothes won’t wash themselves, you will have to do it. Most importantly, you should be able to sustain yourself money-wise, and to do so you will have to find a job with a steady income, because you will have to pay a lot of bills, like for example your rent, groceries, water, light, wi-fi, etc…

In conclusion, becoming independent is not that easy. Those are probably the reasons why the age for emancipating is increasing. In addition to that, in Spain a lot of people don’t have a job which makes it hard to move out. Do you see yourself doing all those things?

Kimmy H.

So there you are. You’re about to be 30 years old and you’re still under your parents’ roof. You don’t want to be there, not because you hate your parents or anything remotely similar. You just want to live your own life, be able to decide what to do by yourself. But you can’t. It looks like the beginning of a tragic novel, but it’s what most of the “young” adults have to face.

The main problem that causes that late emancipation is the actual lack of financial stability, mostly related to the amount of trash jobs that these people have. These trash jobs give no money. Well, they surely do, but it’s not enough to emancipate, which causes that our 30 year-olds need their parents to survive. This can also cause emotional breakdowns, mainly because they can’t live the life they want to live.

The solution that, in the first place, looks really obvious, is the creation of jobs. Many governments boast about being the kings of “unemployement rate decrease”, but the kind of jobs they promote are the same that causes the problem. What they need to promote is steady jobs that make it easier for people to become independent.

All in all, as we all can agree, late emancipation is a huge problem that requires a solution as big as the problem is. And yes, it seems overwhelming, and maybe impossible to fix, but if we don’t try fixing it, it surely won’t fix by itself.

Arnau P.

Living the ‘here and now’

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The reading of Jack Kerouac´s novel On the Road reminds us of one of the most common phrases: ‘live the here and now,’ which is certainly a great motto to describe the typical teenage mindset. We can assure that all of us have reflected upon the pros and cans of following his statement at some point in our lives.

In the first place, in case some individual defined their lifestyle according to the ‘here and now,’ it seems quite obvious that it would be much easier to enjoy and avoid the routine, adding to this the spontaneous behaviors and self-development which this experience would bring to that person.

Nevertheless, it must be said that to live ignoring the existence of some ‘tomorrow’ might break into pieces our possibilities to find a job, which is required to afford a house and sustain ourselves and our families in the future.

Considering each of these facts, we can end with a conclusion: acting as if there´s no tomorrow should be taken seriously, otherwise we will suffer the consequencies sooner or later.

Ángela N.

People can live for a hundred years without really living for a minute, wanting to live  as if there was no tomorrow. Carpe Diem. They are all different ways of expressing the “here and now” lifestyle. But what are the pros and cons of living this kind of lifestyle?

                By living the “here and now”, by forgetting that there’s a tomorrow, life is more enjoyable, because it prevents you from being a prisoner of the past, no errors can be made, there are no limits at all, there is nothing you can’t do. The positivity that soaks  it all comes from the certainty that by focusing on the present you can live better, which leads to a positive approach to life. Besides, by taking risks and erasing all concerns, mental health is improved, because it means leaving behind sadness and insecurity. Furthermore, this lifestyle implies a seek for renovation and freedom, wanting to be 100% yourself, to improve; it encourages you to be better.

                On the other hand, by forgetting that there is a tomorrow, that what you do today might have an impact on what you’ll do tomorrow, you lose sight of the future. All actions have consequences, and being reckless can be damaging. What’s more, when living on the edge you can hurt yourself, or even hurt someone else. By focusing only on living like there’s no tomorrow, the existence of other people can be forgotten, and therefore their health or security aren’t taken into account. Besides, it is necessary to look at the past, because it’s a way of learning, of not repeating the same mistakes you once made.

                We can conclude by saying that living the “here and now” allows you to enjoy life, breaking the chains that restrain your freedom, and it also leads to a healthier mind. But all acts have consequences, and lessons can be learned from the past. It is paramount to take into account other people’s lives so they aren’t hurt. Let us find a purpose to serve, not a lifestyle to live, as Criss Jami said.

Mireia B.

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¨Carpe Diem¨ is a very common expression that many people have heard at least once in their life. Translated from Latin, the sentence would mean something similar to ¨seize the moment¨. This idea of worrying just about the ¨here and now¨ has had a lot of influence in different movements, such as the ¨Beat Generation¨ of the mid 50s in America. As any other idea, this philosophy presents pros and cons, which should be analyzed in order to determine the benefits and disadvantages that this type of lifestyle may present.

 For a start, living the current moment without worrying about the future is at first sight something easier than trying to live a life which follows an established course, eliminating the typical concerns which people are usually exposed to. In addition to this, the fact of not being attached to making decisions which could compromise your future allows people to expand their freedom and self-determination, which are greatly valued concepts  in today´s society.

However, this kind of philosophy is clearly not designed for everyone, mainly because it is not essay to abandon the stereotypes of a perfect life which we have been listening to since our childhood. Studying, growing up, getting married, and having kids could seem as not vital or of great importance, but many of the people which have spent their entire lives enjoying the present day discover in the end that those are vital elements that can bring us more happiness than all of the superficial joy obtained through applying the ¨carpe diem¨ idea.

In conclusion, dedicating your life to living the present moment is something not many people can do, despite the fact that it could seem like the easiest option. However, it looks like all the satisfaction obtained through this kind of lifestyle is not enough to leave the traditional values aside and replace them for what fans of the ¨Beat generation¨ would consider a life worth living.

Juan S.

The limits of privacy and intimacy

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Paparazzis waiting outside a celebrity’s home. Business Insider, 2018.

Imagine being at your house, watching your favorite show, and when you look outside the window, hundreds of photographers and reporters are waiting for you to come out. How would you feel? This situation is what many celebrities have to face every single time they want to leave their house. In my opinion, reporters and paparazzi don’t respect famous people’s privacy.

 From my point of view, celebrities are constantly been treated like objects and some people forget that they are humans just like the people who take advantage of them. They have the right to have their own personal space just as we do, like their home. This is supposed to be a safe space, where you can relax, but having paparazzi at your door and in the windows trying to take pictures of you doesn’t allow you to have that kind of peace .

Besides that, many times when celebrities actually talk to reporters, they end up making up information. This happens a lot with the love life of famous people who normally don’t want to talk about that because it is something private.

Finally, I believe that with social media this situation is getting worse. A bad picture or an article about you in a magazine can be spread around the world and this leads to a lot of hate to celebrities even wishing them to be dead. To conclude, celebrities are normal people that should not be harassed by reporters. Or would you like to feel the same way?

Marta N.

Nowadays the social media have assumed a huge transcendental role when it comes to communication and socializing. Some influential people on the internet have been lately complaining about the supposed abuse reporters commit with regards to their privacy. Even if it sounds as a clear violation of intimacy, the reality is that  celebrities have created a business from selling their private life.

First of all, we must  mention the fact of the economic benefit both groups make thanks to those news, in which exclusive information is released about the famous people´s privacy. In the second place, this causes an enormous social impact , which means that their fame and influence grow. The third and last reason why influencers should not complain about paparazzis is the duty they have when accepting to be role models, as they assume the role of icons for a whole generation.

In conclusion, reporters are right in their position related to the conflict caused by the struggles celebrities have  when managing their own fame.

Gonzalo L.

Passive resistance to solve problems?

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How many times have we felt the urge of punching someone in the face? How many times have we kept our wildest desires locked because they were too strong? How many times have we wanted to tell the others what we really thought? In our daily life we must face tons of problems and we all react in different ways. Is passive resistance effective? Or is it better to confront them violently? We need to stand up and face them, but no t with violence.

                Violence doesn’t solve anything; in fact it makes it all worse. By using violence when facing a problem we are being just as wrong as the problem itself, we are putting ourselves in the same position. Furthermore, we provoke a violent answer which leads to a bigger problem. Such is the case of wars, where through violent ways human losses are caused. Auschwitz is a perfect example of the consequences of violence. All actions have consequences, and the more aggressive an action, is the more tragic its outcome will be.

                Secondly, if we respond badly towards the problem, we are letting it bring us down. It is important for this not to happen, we need to stand up to our values and let the silence, or the words (if they don’t cause a worse reaction), be our shield. By the use of non aggressive, and therefore passive resistance, we are letting what is causing us pain not bring us down and undermine our values.

                On the other hand, sometimes by not confronting a problem directly we are causing so much pain that it’s essential to respond by opposing actively. By acting passively we are creating a bigger problem, such is the case of the Iraq mess where the only possible solution is to confront the enemy. The problem needs to be stopped or it’ll grow into something far more tragic.

                We can conclude that the use of violence when facing a problem is useless, because it involves tragic consequences. However, there are cases where opposing actively is the only possible solution, but those are exceptions. We need to stand up and not let the problem bring us down. As Lucretius said: ‘The drops of rain make a hole in the stone, not by violence but by oft falling.’

Mireia B.

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So let´s say that you are walking down the street on your way back home, and by the time you are about to open your house’s door, you see an old woman getting robbed. What do you do? Everyone would say that they would go and kick the burglar’s butt, but we all know that many of them wouldn’t even look at the scene because it’s none of their business, and after a few hours they’d tweet something like: “I just saw a granny getting robbed. How disgusting! #StopRobbing”. That’s what passive resistance is about, and it’s actually useless.

A few days ago, while I was watching TV an ad popped out saying: “There are two kinds of people: the ones who say we need a change, and the people who make things change”. It was from the Red Cross, and the person claiming that is completely right. Because words are beautiful, but action is what makes the difference.

I can’t stop thinking about people saying the exact same thing as I do, such as Michael Jackson in his song “Man in the mirror”: “If you want to make the world a better place, take a look at yourself and make the change”, or a Spanish rapper named Calle 13, in his song “La vuelta al mundo”, in which he talks about how no one is going to fix anything for you, and if you want something to be done, you have to do it yourself.

All in all, I truly believe that passive resistance is not useful, and even more: passive resistance is probably what brought our society this close to –at least it seems to me- the beginning of World War III, and that’s mainly because we have let everyone do whatever they wanted because, again, it’s none of our business. Everyone wants to change the world, but no one wants to try.

Arnau P.

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“I would prefer not to”. We all want to say that a few times a day just like Bartleby in the book “Bartleby – The Scrivener”. However, we can’t, we have obligations to follow and work to do. Yet is it really effective to be passively resistant? I think that in some cases it would be a good solution to show some resistance, but not always.

First of all, violence is never a solution to a problem. However, some people might think it’s the best way of showing and teaching someone a lesson, but in most cases it will make it only worse. Nevertheless, if you use violence, how can the other person understand your perspective? The answer is that they can’t and won’t understand it.

So, the best way to show resistance is to say so, but we have obligations, bills to pay, food to buy… You can and should say no to the things you don’t want to do, but some others are just inevitable and you shouldn’t let it get out of control like Bartleby.

Finally, the most important fact is that if you resist you should give and think of solutions. You can’t just say you don’t want to do it and that’s it, you should show interest in improving and resolving the problem or situation.

In conclusion, in my opinion you should resist in some cases, but in others it’s nonsense because in the end everyone has to do it, like for example going to work or paying bills. Besides, I think that Bartleby is not a good example to follow.

Kimmy H.

Which should the age of consent be?

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The age of 18 is the border between being or not fully responsible, not only because you are allowed to drive, but also you must take care of what you do. This frontier is not the same as the age of consent, established between 14 and 16 years old, and this difference can provoke controversial situations in some specific cases.

As far as I’m concerned, according to science your body completes all the physical and psychological development at the age of 18, at the age when people start being adults. Even so, in most European countries the age of consent is between two and four years earlier so, why are people prepared to have sex at the age of 15 but they can’t drive until they’re 18?

Despite that controversy, in order to have a relationship you don’t only need the same responsibilities than for driving, but also while being a teenager you can be more mature than people above 20 years old. Furthermore, for having sex you don’t require being fully developed, you just have to be sure about why are you doing it, and most importantly with whom.

Finally, this is a controversial topic so even if you argue with scientific facts about what is the perfect age to start copulating, not everyone will accept it. Because of that, and taking into account all the other facts, the age of seventeen would be, at least, the best one to establish the age of consent, because you’re allowed to have sex before you are 18 in case you are mature, and besides it is not as distant from the current consent age.

Carlos V.